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BUS 309 Week 7 Quiz

BUS 309 Week 7 Quiz
BUS 309 Week 7 Quiz -

Question 1

The "tragedy of the commons" is

  • the lack of a commons—a common place where people can come together.
  • the failure to appreciate what we have in common with other species.
  • that cost-benefit analysis involves value judgments that we do not share in common.
  • that individual pursuit of self-interest can sometimes make everyone worse off.

 

Question 2

According to the philosopher Joel Feinberg,

  • future generations of people have a right to be born.
  • future generations have no moral rights.
  • we have no duties to future generations.
  • the rights of future generations are contingent upon those people coming into existence.

 

Question 3

An ecosystem

  • should never be tampered with.
  • can be upset by human behavior.
  • can survive any human intervention.
  • is independent of all other ecosystems.

 

Question 4

Some environmental regulations (like forbidding the burning of coal in cities) benefit each and every one of us because the air we all breather is cleaner. If an individual ignores the regulation and burns coal, while others obey the regulation, then he or she

  • violates our right to a livable environment.
  • displays an ignorance of ecology.
  • is being a free rider.
  • creates an externality.

 

Question 5

Which of the following is a drawback to the regulatory approach?

  • regulation can take away an industry’s incentive to do more than the minimum
  • regulation is an incentive to an industry to do more than the minimum
  • regulation does not apply to all equally
  • does not require polluters to use the strongest most feasible means of pollution control.

 

Question 6

Business has considered the environment to be

  • a scarce commodity.
  • a limited supply.
  • free and nearly limitless.
  • costly.

 

Question 7

A moral vegetarian

  • rejects eating meat based on moral grounds.
  • only eats animal that were raised humanely.
  • does not believe animals suffer.
  • the pleasure we get from eating a hamburger justifies the price the animals pay.

 

Question 8

Concerning future generations,

  • all philosophers today reject the idea that future people have rights
  • utilitarianism dictates a radical reduction in population growth
  • future people have a right to be born
  • the social and environmental policies we adopt can affect who is born in the future

 

Question 9

"Pollution permits" are an example of which of the following methods of achieving our environmental goals?

  • pricing mechanisms
  • a laissez-faire approach
  • government subsidies
  • regulations

 

Question 10

Animal manure

  • is not available in sufficient quantities to replenish agricultural land.
  • is a large source of pollution.
  • helps counteract the "greenhouse effect".
  • is potentially more dangerous than nuclear power.

 

Question 11

In consideration for the obligation to others,

  • we have no genuine moral obligations to future generations.
  • future people have a right to be born.
  • the U.S. uses more than its proportional share of the world's resources.
  • environmental protection is always a static trade-off, with a fixed economic price to be paid for the gains we want.

 

Question 12

Which of the following is true of factory farms?

  • They are smaller these days than they used to be.
  • The people who run them are brutal.
  • Contrary to the critics, the animals in them rarely suffer.
  • They permit the mass production of meat at low prices.

 

Question 13

According to Shaw and Barry, utilitarians

  • focus on human well-being and ignore animal welfare.
  • oppose animal experimentation in principle.
  • should include nonhuman animal pleasures and pains in the overall utilitarian calculus.
  • are likely to favor factory farming.

 

Question 14

William F. Baxter addresses environmental ethics by noting

  • the best ethical position to adopt on environmental issues is a naturalistic position.
  • non-human animals have intrinsic value.
  • judgments about environmental problems ought to be people-oriented.
  • damage to geological "marvels" is inherently wrong and should be prevented.

 

Question 15

A decade after wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone Park, their presence was discovered to

  • not change anything.
  • have changed the behavior of elk.
  • have stabilized their own population.
  • be disruptive.

 

Question 16

Laws that prohibit union contracts requiring all employees on a job site to either join the union or pay the equivalent of union dues once hired are called:      

  • Sympathetic strikes      
  • Open-shop laws
  • Secondary boycotts     
  • No such laws exist.

 

Question 17

The key moral ideal in promotions is:         

  • loyalty.
  • likeability.        
  • intelligence.      
  • fairness.

 

Question 18

The amount that enables the worker to afford the necessities of life, live above the poverty line, and support a family is called:         

  • A living wage   
  • The minimum wage      
  • A decent wage
  • A fair wage

 

Question 19

Which of the following best defines a sympathetic strike?

  • It occurs when people refuse to patronize companies that handle the products of certain companies.      
  • It involves workers who have no particular grievance of their own, but who want to support others through striking.
  • It occurs when union members and their supporters refuse to buy products from a company.     
  • It occurs when union members refuse to work in response to some grievance.

 

 Question 20

In the last 20 years, union membership has been:  

  • Stagnant          
  • Increasing        
  • Declining
  • Unmeasured

 

Question 21

When screening job applicants, businesses often take which of the following into consideration?          

  • Work experience         
  • Educational background           
  • Personality traits          
  • All of the above

 

Question 22

Unions employ two kinds of boycotts to enforce their demands. These two kinds of boycotts are:        

  • positive and negative.   
  • corporate and private.  
  • active and passive.       
  • primary and secondary.

 

 

Question 23

Which statement is true about the hiring and employment process?         

  • A job description permits employers to rely on the preferences of their customers as a reason for discriminatory employment practices. 
  • A job specification describes the qualifications an employee needs, such as skills, educational experience, appearance, and physical attributes.     
  • According to common law, unless there is an explicit contractual provision to the contrary, every employment is employment "at will."    
  • In validating job specifications, a firm lists all pertinent details about a job, including its duties, responsibilities, working conditions, and physical requirements.

 

Question 24

Employees working under an employment-at-will contract are:    

  • Not entitled to any due process protection under the law.         
  • Entitled to due process protection under the law.          
  • Legally protected from ungrounded termination.
  • None of the above

 

Question 25

Since Congress passed the Americans with Disabilities Act in 1994,:      

  • all disabled persons must be hired.       
  • employers must make "reasonable accommodations" for disabled workers.       
  • employees must try to "undo" their disabilities.  
  • employers must be careful to "screen" out disabled persons.

 

Question 26

Which of the following best defines a secondary boycott? 

  • It occurs when union members and their supporters refuse to buy products from a company.     
  • It involves workers who have no particular grievance of their own, but who want to support others through striking.           
  • It occurs when people refuse to patronize companies that handle the products of certain companies.      
  • It occurs when union members refuse to work in response to some grievance.

 

Question 27

Which of the following statements is false of bona fide occupational qualifications?       

  • There are some gendered bona fide occupational qualifications.
  • There are some racial bona fide occupational qualifications.      
  • There are bona fide occupational qualifications for cases of authenticity.
  • There are bona fide occupational qualifications for cases of modesty.

 

Question 28

Which of the following is an argument someone might make to highlight the problems that can arise when employees are promoted on the basis of nepotism?           

  • At times a newly hired employee is the most qualified applicant for a job, and their relationships with employees already at the company are merely coincidental.
  • Managers often hire family members in family-owned businesses.          
  • Hiring and promoting employees on the basis of nepotism can generate conflicts of interest.       
  • None of the above

 

 

Question 29

Which of the following is an argument someone might make to highlight the problems that can arise when employees are promoted on the basis of inbreeding?         

  • Inbreeding encourages employees to work as hard as possible. 
  • Inbreeding can cause managers to ignore more qualified applicants who work outside the firm.  
  • Inbreeding encourages employees to behave loyally to the firm. 
  • None of the above

 

Question 30

Which of the following best defines seniority?        

  • Privileging or promoting employees based on how long they’ve been on a job or with a company.         
  • The practice of promoting exclusively from within the firm.        
  • The practice of showing favoritism to relatives and close friends.           
  • None of the above

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