MGT 312 Week 2 Knowledge Check -
Emily is an ambitious worker whose performance has suffered since she joined her new company. Emily feels that even though she enjoys the work, feels safe, and enjoys the office's facilities, such as the cafeteria and the pool table, she has not been able to reach out to the others in the office. She has no friends and feels isolated. According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which of Emily's needs is most likely not being satisfied at her new job?
- Existence needs
- Belongingness needs
- Safety needs
- Physiological needs
According to the expectancy theory of motivation, identify an accurate statement about instrumentality.
- It is always positive.
- It is always negative.
- It should be low so that it enhances motivation.
- It should be high so that it enhances motivation.
Sameer perceives underpayment equity when he compares his outcome-input ratio to Lamar's. Sameer believes that he is putting in more effort and should therefore receive a larger hike in salary. To avoid this lack of equity, Sameer decides that he need not compare his outcome-input ratio to Lamar's; instead he should compare it to Adrian's. According to the equity theory of motivation, how is Sameer restoring equity?
- By changing his inputs or outputs
- By changing his referent's input or outputs
- By changing his referent
- By changing his organization
Mia and Tanya are artists at Black and White Inc, an art gallery. Both Mia and Tanya are equally skilled and receive feedback from customers for their work. Mia creates her art pieces right from designing them to displaying the final product. Tanya is an in-house specialist, and provides finishing touches to pieces created by fresh art-school graduates. Mia seems to be more satisfied and motivated than Tanya. According to the job characteristics model, Mia is most likely high on which of the five core dimensions that affect intrinsic motivation?
- Need for affiliation
- Task identity
- Locus of control
- Task significance
Which job design model focuses on both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation?
- Scientific management model
- Job characteristics model
- Social information-processing model
- Job enlargement model
According to the goal-setting theory, which of the following statements is true?
- Difficult goals lead to better performance than easy goals.
- Vague goals lead to better performance than specific goals.
- Quantitative goals are less effective than qualitative goals.
- Difficult goals are less effective than moderate goals.
Rhythms Inc. and Beats Inc. are two music institutes set to launch at the same time this year. Rhythms has been providing detailed information in the papers and on the Internet about the courses it offers. Beats has roped in Clara Carter, a famous guitarist, to appearin their ad campaign and perform at charity events across various cities. In the context of perception, which target characteristic is Beats focusing on, in order to be perceived well by potential students?
- Social status
- Motivational state
Amit, a sales executive at Embellish Corp., has recently shown a fair amount of improvement in his performance. However, Naomi, Amit's manager, fails to recognize and encourage this improvement during his appraisal. She believes that Amit's productivity will always be average, since it has been that way for the past year. In this scenario, Naomi is a victim of which source of bias in perception?
- Similarity effect
- Halo effect
- Contrast effect
- Primacy effect
Identify an accurate statement about the fundamental attribution error.
- It occurs when an individual takes credit for successes and avoids blame for failures.
- It occurs when another person’s behavior is attributed to situational factors.
- It occurs when another person’s behavior is attributed to internal factors.
- It occurs when an individual takes credit for successes and also accepts blame for failures.
What is true about mentoring programs implemented to promote diversity in organizations?
- Mentoring programs avoid using same-race mentor-protÃ©gÃ© relationships.
- Mentors are not suitable for minority women trying to start a business.
- Mentoring programs can be formal or informal.
- Mentors are not important for entry-level employees.
When is diversity training most likely to be successful?
- When it comprises of one single session of training
- When there are no follow-up activities and evaluation
- When it is supported by diversity-related activities
- When the organization does not celebrate diverse Events
Asang, an employee at Bling Corp., has been expecting a promotion for the excellent work she has done. On the day of the announcement, her manager informs her that there is a problem with her promotion. He claims that he will have to pull strings to have her promotion approved. However, the process would be much simpler if she would return the favor by giving him some "special attention." What phenomenon is best exemplified in this scenario?
- Hostile work environment sexual harassment
- Quid pro quo sexual harassment
- Sexual abuse
- Sexual pedophilia
The determinants of job satisfaction that an organization or manager cannot change in the short run are:
- genetic factors.
- social factors.
- cognitive factors.
- situational factors.
Identify an accurate statement about Herzberg's motivator-hygiene theory of job satisfaction.
- An employee can be either satisfied or dissatisfied with the job, not both.
- An employee can be satisfied and dissatisfied with the job at the same time.
- An employee’s satisfaction depends on hygiene needs.
- An employee’s dissatisfaction depends on motivator needs.
Tamara, a fine-arts graduate, is working at her first art agency. After almost six months, she reports that she is highly dissatisfied because the job does not meet her expectations.
She expected the job to be flexible and well-paying, with a well-equipped office, and friendly coworkers. She also states that her friends are earning more and are happier with their jobs than she is. In this scenario, which theory or model of job satisfaction best explains Tamara's job dissatisfaction?
- Mobley's model of the turnover process
- Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory
- The discrepancy model of job satisfaction
- The steady-state theory of job satisfaction
According to the determinants of absenteeism, which factor affects the ability of an employee to attend work?
- Job satisfaction
- Absence policies
- Health and illness
- Job dissatisfaction
According to research, which of the following is an accurate statement about job satisfaction and job performance?
- Job satisfaction is not related to job performance in any significant way.
- All employees are allowed to change their performance on jobs to indicate whether or not they are satisfied with the jobs.
- Job satisfaction affects job performance, whether or not the satisfaction is relevant to the performance.
- Job performance cannot lead to job satisfaction.
Identify an accurate statement about Mobley's model of the turnover process.
- It states that turnover is the temporary withdrawal of employees.
- It involves an evaluation of costs and benefits.
- It states that turnover is triggered by factors unrelated to job dissatisfaction.
- It applies to employees who impulsively quit their jobs.