CRJ 330 Week 11 Final Exam -
Which court level handles the major trial courts that have jurisdiction over any
cases involving criminal law and sometimes civil law.
- courts of limited jurisdiction
- courts of general jurisdiction
- courts of intermediate appeal
In China, in which of the following circumstances will an indigent defendant not have counsel assigned to them?
- The defendant is a juvenile.
- The defendant has a prior criminal history.
- The defendant is charged with a capital crime.
Which of the following nations does not have a bureaucratically oriented system for administering justice?
There are numerous differences between judges of Common Law systems and those of Civil Law systems. Which of the following statements is not true?
- Judges in Civil Law systems tend to be older than those in Common Law systems.
- Judges in the United States usually have little or no training for their position.
- Competence is the hallmark of the Civil Law judge, whereas power and influence characterize the Common Law judge.
- Judges in Civil Law systems do not as a rule sign their opinions.
Which of the following may represent a criminal defendant in China?
In a court of law, the individual representing the criminally accused is the:
The role of the Supreme Judicial Council is to:
- act as a court of last resort.
- provide constitutional review.
The 1996 revision of the CPL addressed several problems clearly evident with the trial process and judicial fairness in China. These issues included:
- limiting the duties of the judge.
- establishing the principle of presumption of innocence.
- allowing trial judges to determine verdicts and sentences.
The two model nations most subject to international criticism for their human rights practices are:
Judicial review can be described as an American institution. Factors contributing to this claim include:
- Because of its success, the American Constitution became a model for other liberated nations.
- The American contribution toward winning the war made American institutions popular.
- American powers occupied the defeated Axis nations and monitored constitutional development.
Constitutional review that decides on constitutionality without hearing an actual case that has arisen under a particular law is referred to as:
The primary method used to review the constitutionality of laws and behavior of those in power is through the practice of:
- judicial review with legislative approval.
Which of the following terrorist groups has Bin Laden used his ties with to conduct a worldwide campaign of terrorism?
What does the goal of massive publicity achieve for terrorists?
- Publicity gives attention to the reasons for the terrorists actions.
- Publicity gains a reaction from those in power.
- Publicity produces sympathy for the terrorists’ plight.
Which of the following responses to international terrorism includes the use of the political process to solve problems between groups?
- military and police detection
- legislation conducting searches and seizures without warrants
- adjudication of terrorists
The most serious act of international terrorism in Saudi Arabia in the 1990s was directed at what country?
What is Bin Laden’s goal for the use of terrorism?
- the liberation of Palestine
- the removal of the Saudi ruling family from power
- the removal of Western military forces from Muslim countries
The United States policy dealing with terrorists and terrorist activity includes which of the following?
- make concessions only to gain hostage release
- strike deals only to obtain the capture of wanted terrorists
Which of the following statements is not true?
- Terrorist acts on US soil are relatively rare.
- In recent years, there has been a decrease in the number of terrorist groups that have surfaced.
- The general goals of terrorism have changed little over the last 100 years.
- Terrorism is generally a political crime.
The problem of juvenile crime and the societal and legal responses to it pose difficulties more complicated than those faced in addressing adult criminality.
The treatment of juveniles under law in Saudi Arabia can be characterized how?
- Saudi Arabia does not have a separate juvenile justice system
- The age of majority is not defined and is not a controlling factor in adjudication
- Corporal punishment is viewed as having deterrent value, so it is commonly used
Which of the following is NOT a status offense, if committed by a juvenile?
The goal of reforming offenders for the good of their family, the village and society is important in which model country?
When a country separates untried prisoners from those already convicted, what type of facility is used to house unconvicted prisoners?
A researcher compares the number of prison admissions over a ten-year period for a number of countries. His research method is referred to as a:
Criminal justice policies designed to appeal to the public desire for punitiveness with little concern for program effectiveness of the clear understanding of
community views is knows as:
Which of the following assertions is probably the least likely reason for increased incarceration rates in recent years?
- policies that promote longer sentences
- limited availability to alternatives to prison
- laws that mandate prison sentences for certain crimes
In order for restorative justice to be effective, who must participate in the process?
A prison inmate believes his rights have been violated. His case has been taken to prison officials by a nonprofessional who visits the prison each month to talk to the inmates. In what country is this individual mostly likely incarcerated?
The goals of sentencing that prisons hope to achieve are:
- deterrence and incapacitation.
- deterrence and rehabilitation.
- retribution and incapacitation.
- retribution and rehabilitation.
What are the goals of German correctional facilities?
- deterrence and retribution
- rehabilitation and reintegration
- rehabilitation and incapacitation
- reintegration and retribution
Implementation of “back-door” strategies, such as parole and work release, as a solution to prison crowding are examples of the:
- population reduction strategy.
- intermediate sanctions strategy.
English prison populations are characterized by a disproportionate representation of:
- immigrants from British colonies.
- inmates from rural areas of England.
Persons held in China for their involvement in the Tiananmen Square incident have been
- reeducation-through-labor facilities.
- reform-through-labor facilities.
Organized crime is a continuing criminal enterprise that rationally works to profit from illicit activities that are often in great public demand. Its continuing existence is maintained through the use of force, threats, monopoly control, and/or ________.
- The corruption of public officials
Corruption occurs when an official position is misused for ________.
- Victimization of another person
An underground paperless banking system in which money is deposited in one country with a trusted broker and withdrawn the same day from a broker in another country is called:
Terrorist-type tactics used by drug organizations to intimidate governments is called what?
The term Mafia is synonymous with ________, referring to groups of organized crime “families” in the United States in a number of larger cities.
Provision of illicit goods and services includes what types of activities?