BUS 309 Week 8 Quiz -
Unions employ two kinds of boycotts to enforce their demands. These two kinds of boycotts are
- positive and negative.
- active and passive.
- corporate and private.
- primary and secondary.
The hiring process needs to include screening, testing, and
- safety awareness.
- eliminating candidates.
Groups of 18th century skilled artisans formed secret societies for two basic reasons. Which of the following is one of those reasons?
- to equalize their relationship with their employers
- to distinguish themselves from carpenters and shoemakers
- to gain control of the German government
- to avoid having to set minimal standards for their crafts
Which of the following is an accurate statement about employment law in the workplace?
- It's illegal to fire workers because of union membership.
- Courts at all levels and in all states now agree that employees cannot be dismissed without just cause.
- The civil liberties of employees have to be restricted for corporations to run efficiently.
- More and more companies are moving toward "employment at will".
Austin Fagothey and Milton Gonsalves believe a direct strike is justified
- when it is motivated by revenge.
- when it is a last resort.
- when workers are coerced into striking.
- under no conditions.
Tests are designed to measure the applicants’ skills in verbal, quantitative, and
- empathy skills.
- logical skills.
- social skills.
Griggs v. Duke Power Company, which prohibits
- tests given to employees or applicants to have inconsistent results.
- tests given to employees or applicants from being invalid.
- tests given to employees or applicants from being unreliable.
- employers from requiring a high school education as a prerequisite for employment or promotion without demonstrable evidence that the associated skills relate directly to job performance.
Since Congress passed the Americans with Disabilities Act in 1994,
- all disabled persons must be hired.
- employers must make "reasonable accommodations" for disabled workers.
- employees must try to "undo" their disabilities.
- employers must be careful to "screen" out disabled persons.
In the interview process, the interview should avoid rudeness, coarseness, condescension, and
Choose the factual statement concerning wages:
- An employer's financial capabilities are irrelevant to the question of fair wages.
- A fair wage is whatever an employee is willing to accept.
- Extrinsic, non-job-related considerations are often relevant to setting fair wages.
- A fair wage presupposes a fair work contract.
In union terms, a direct strike occurs
- when an organized body of workers withholds its labor to force the employer to comply with its demands.
- when union members and their supporters refuse to buy products from a company being struck.
- when workers who have no particular grievance of their own and who may or may not have the same employer decide to strike in support of others.
- when people refuse to patronize companies that handle products of struck companies.
Which of the following is a correct statement about union activities?
- A sympathetic strike occurs when workers who have no particular grievance of their own and who may or may not have the same employer decide to strike in support of others.
- A corporate campaign occurs when people refuse to patronize companies that handle products of struck companies.
- The 1947 Taft-Hartley Act forbids individual states from outlawing union shops.
- Labor historians generally consider the American Federation of Labor (AFL) the first truly national trade union.
According to David Ewing, two factors explain the absence of civil liberties and the prevalence of authoritarianism in the workplace. Which of the following is one of them?
- discriminatory employment practices due to strict constructionist interpretations of the Constitution
- the rise of personnel engineering and professional management
- the common law doctrine of eminent domain
- employer resistance to unionization
The key moral ideal in promotions is
Of the four types of discharge, firing
- results from an employee’s poor
- performance—that is, from his or her failure to fulfill expectations.
- is for-cause dismissal—the result of employee theft, gross insubordination, release of proprietary information, and so on.
- usually refers to the temporary unemployment experienced by hourly employees and implies that they are “subject to recall.”
- designates the permanent elimination of a job as a result of workforce reduction, plant closing, or departmental consolidation.