BUS 309 Week 4 Quiz -
What philosopher believes the maximin rule is relevant to justice?
- John Stuart Mill
- Robert Nozick
The veil of ignorance proposes that
- those in the original position are supposed to choose principles on the basis of self-interest, agreement seems unlikely.
- one group would be supportive of another group benefiting even though the rules are different.
- people are fully knowledgeable about themselves or situation allowing them to have a partial or biased point of view.
- agreement is difficult to attain.
The veil of ignorance assures us that people in the original position will be
- difficult to come to agreement.
According to Mill's utilitarianism,
- rights are certain moral rules whose observance is of the utmost importance for the long-run, overall maximization of happiness.
- there are no rights.
- the rights possessed by human beings remain unchanged for all times and places.
- rights are those rules that a majority of the society would agree to behind the "veil of ignorance."
Aristotle's formal principle of justice states,
- from each according to his or her ability, to each according to his or her need.
- similar cases must be treated alike except where there is some relevant difference.
- all people are to be treated the same in every situation.
- from each according to his or her ability, to each according to his or her merit.
According to John Rawls, people in "the original position" choose the principles of justice on the basis of
- social utility.
- their religion.
- their intuitive knowledge of the natural rights of all human beings.
Rawls rejects utilitarianism because
- he saw it as a threat.
- it might permit an unfair distribution of burdens and benefits.
- governments wanted it.
- it values moral purity.
According to John Rawls,
- people in the original position choose the principles on the basis of self-interest.
- in the original position, people must have full and complete knowledge.
- justice forbids any social or economic inequalities.
- liberty is of little or no importance compared to equality.
Who is more likely to be sympathetic with the idea of reducing the disparities of income in society?
- Robert Nozick
- Milton Friedman
The Supreme Court gave decision making power for Eminent domain to the
- states and local communities
The first principle of Nozick’s entitlement theory concerns the original acquisition of
- case law.
- goods, money, and property.
According to libertarianism,
- there are no natural, Lockean rights.
- we have a basic right to assistance from others.
- it would be unjust to coerce people to give food or money to the starving.
- happiness takes priority over other moral concerns.
John Rawls’ Theory of Justice lays within which type of tradition?
- All for one and one for all.
- Feudal society.
- Principled living.
Primary social goods include
- freedom of religion.
- leisure time activities.
Mill justified utilitarianism from rival perspectives when he argued
- that without utilitarianism to provide a determinate standard of justice, one is always left with a plethora of competing principles of justice, all of which seem to have plausibility but are mutually incompatible.
- that social utility is irrelevant to issues of justice.
- against worker participation.
- that only utilitarianism itself, as a normative theory, can provide an answer to the question: What economic system will bring more good to society than any other system?