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CJ 455 Week 4 Mid Term

CJ 455 Week 4 Mid Term
CJ 455 Week 4 Mid Term -

Question 1

Emergency management is a discipline that deals with which of the following?

 

  1. Response and Mitigation

 

  1. Preparedness

 

  1. Risk and risk avoidance

 

  1. All of the above

 

 

Question 2

The constitution tasks which of the following government levels with the responsibility for managing public health and safety?

 

  1. State

 

  1. County

 

  1. Local

 

  1. Federal

 

 

Question 3

The first time the federal government became involved in a local disaster following which of the following?

 

  1. St. Louis, Missouri is flooded in 1815

 

  1. A town in New Hampshire was destroyed by a fire in 1803

 

  1. A series of tornadoes devastates several communities in Oklahoma in the 1830s

 

  1. Hurricane Oswald causes severe damage in five Atlantic states in 1877

 

 

Question 4

During the 1930s, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation and the Bureau of Public Roads were both given authority to do which of the following?

 

  1. Design and build flood control projects

 

  1. Buyback properties in the floodplain and create ‘green spaces’

 

  1. Perform annual ‘controlled burns’ to reduce wildfire risk

 

  1. Prevent construction that increased slope failures, thereby reducing landslide risks

 

 

Question 5

The Civil Defense programs in the 1950s were established primarily to protect American communities from which of the following hazards?

 

  1. Rioting and other civil disobedience

 

  1. Technological disasters brought about by increased industrial production

 

  1. Nuclear fallout brought on by a Soviet nuclear attack

 

  1. Invasion into American soil of a foreign military’s troops

 

 

Question 6

Which of the following can be defined as “a source of danger that may or may not lead to an emergency”?

 

  1. Disaster

 

  1. Hazard

 

  1. Risk

 

  1. Contingency

 

 

Question 7

Which of the following is not known to be a contributor to flooding?

 

  1. Dam failure

 

  1. Snowmelt

 

  1. Ice jam

 

  1. None of the above

 

 

Question 8

Which of the following disasters is the most frequent and widespread disaster in the United States, and in many other countries around the world?

 

  1. Severe winter storms

 

  1. Floods

 

  1. Hurricanes

 

  1. Tornadoes

 

 

Question 9

Historically, which of the following have been the principal contributors to the loss of life and injuries and the property and infrastructure damage caused by hurricanes?

 

  1. Storm surge and high winds

 

  1. Overtopping and breaching of levees and business interruption+

 

  1. Flooding and civil disobedience (including looting)

 

  1. High winds and erosion

 

 

Question 10

Which of the following is a secondary hazard caused by earthquakes?

 

  1. Pyroclastic Flows

 

  1. Tornadoes

 

  1. Tsunamis

 

  1. El Nino

 

 

Question 11

The economic toll of natural disasters in the United States from 2000-2008 is estimated to be approximately equal to which of the following amounts?

 

  1. $355 million

 

  1. $3.55 billion

 

  1. $35.5 billion

 

  1. $355 billion

 

 

Question 12

Mitigation seeks to do which of the following?

 

  1. Reduce the impact of disasters

 

  1. Eliminate risk to people and property from hazards or their effects

 

  1. Both a and b

 

  1. Neither a nor b

 

 

Question 13

During which of the following phases of the emergency management cycle is there traditionally the greatest opportunity for mitigation?

 

  1. During the disaster recovery

 

  1. During the disaster response

 

  1. Before disasters occur

 

  1. All of the above

 

 

Question 14

Mitigation often involves which of the following players?

 

  1. Land-use planners

 

  1. Business owners

 

  1. Politicians

 

  1. All of the above

 

 

Question 15

Which of the following most accurately describes the purpose of RiskMap cartographic output?

 

  1. Reduce losses of life and property from floods

 

  1. Define flood insurance risk categorizations

 

  1. Define structural risk caused by seismic hazards

 

  1. All of the above

 

 

Question 16

Which of the following is not a component of the preparedness cycle as depicted by the FEMA National Preparedness Directorate?

 

  1. Planning

 

  1. Organize / Equipment

 

  1. Evaluation / Improvement

 

  1. All of the above are included in the cycle

 

 

Question 17

Which of the following describe in more detail the different types of assistance that the responsible agencies and officials will provide via the EOP?

 

  1. Situational Annexes

 

  1. Hazard Annexes

 

  1. Functional Annexes

 

  1. None of the above

 

 

Question 18

Nationwide planning efforts are currently guided by which FEMA doctrine?

 

  1. Comprehensive Planning Guide - 101

 

  1. National Planning Guide (NPG)

 

  1. Domestic Planning Guidance

 

  1. All of the above

 

 

Question 19

With regards to equipment, it is during the planning phase that which of the following is conducted?

 

  1. Equipment needs are identified

 

  1. Equipment is purchased

 

  1. Staff are trained in the use of equipment

 

  1. All of the above

 

 

Question 20

Which of the following is a preparedness measure?

 

  1. Keeping homes away from floodplains

 

  1. Engineering bridges to withstand earthquakes

 

  1. Training residents to assist themselves and their families in times of disaster

 

  1. Creating and enforcing effective building codes to protect property from hurricanes

 

 

Question 21

Which of the following describes an effective disaster communications strategy in the Response Phase?

 

  1. To provide to the public notification, warning, evacuation, and situation reports on an ongoing disaster

 

  1. To promote implementation of strategies, technologies, and actions that will reduce the loss of lives and property in future disasters

 

  1. To provide individuals and communities affected by a disaster with information on how to register for and receive disaster relief

 

  1. To communicate the preparedness messages that encourage and educate the public in anticipation of disaster events.

 

 

Question 22

Which of the following describes an effective disaster communications strategy in the Mitigation Phase?

 

  1. To provide individuals and communities affected by a disaster with information on how to register for and receive disaster relief

 

  1. To provide to the public notification, warning, evacuation, and situation reports on an ongoing disaster

 

  1. To promote implementation of strategies, technologies, and actions that will reduce the loss of lives and property in future disasters

 

  1. To communicate the preparedness messages that encourage and educate the public in anticipation of disaster events.

 

 

Question 23

Which of the following describes an effective disaster communications strategy in the Recovery Phase?

 

  1. To promote implementation of strategies, technologies, and actions that will reduce the loss of lives and property in future disasters

 

  1. To provide to the public notification, warning, evacuation, and situation reports on an ongoing disaster

 

  1. To provide individuals and communities affected by a disaster with information on how to register for and receive disaster relief

 

  1. To communicate the preparedness messages that encourage and educate the public in anticipation of disaster events.

 

 

Question 24

Which of the following assumptions is not typically considered a critical component of the foundation of an effective disaster communication strategy?

 

  1. Customer Focus

 

  1. Leadership Commitment

 

  1. Media Partnership

 

  1. Command Structure

 

 

Question 25

Knowing the number of people killed or injured, damages at the disaster site, the condition of homes and community infrastructure, and current response efforts, for example, is known as

 

  1. which of the following?

 

  1. Situational Awareness

 

  1. Primary Analysis

 

  1. Forward Framing

 

  1. None of the above

 

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